References

General and Physical Chemistry

1.

(a) IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A.D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson, Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford, UK (1997). (b) XML on-line corrected version: http://goldbook.iupac.org (2006- ) created by M. Nic, J. Jirat, and B. Kosata; updates compiled by A.D. Jenkins.

2.

G.J. Leigh, H.A. Favre, and W.V. Metanomski; G.J. Leigh (Ed.), Principles of Chemical Nomenclature - A Guide to IUPAC Recommendations. Blackwell Science, Oxford, UK (1998). [online version]

3.

IUPAC Physical and Biophysical Chemistry Division, Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. (The IUPAC 'Green Book'), 3rd edition. Prepared for publication by E.R. Cohen, T. Cvitaš, J.G. Frey, B. Holmström, K. Kuchitsu, R. Marquardt, I. Mills, F. Pavese, M. Quack, J. Stohner, H.L. Strauss, M. Takami, and A.J. Thor. RSC Publishing, Cambridge 2007.

4.

IUPAC Commission on Physicochemical Symbols, Quantities and Units, Abbreviated List of Quantities, Units and Symbols in Physical Chemistry. Prepared for publication by K.H. Homann. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Ltd., Oxford, UK (1993).

5.

IUPAC Interdivisional Committee on Nomenclature and Symbols, Use of Abbreviations in the Chemical Literature: IUPAC Recommendations 1979. Prepared for publication by D.R. Lide, Jr. Pure Appl. Chem. 52, 2229-2232 (1980).

Inorganic Chemistry

6.

IUPAC Division of Chemical Nomenclature and Structure Representation, Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry - IUPAC Recommendations 2005. Prepared for publication by N.G. Connelly, T. Damhus, R.M. Hartshorn and A.T. Hutton. RSC Publishing, London (2005).

7.

IUPAC Commission on the Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry, Nomenclature of Inorganic Chemistry II, Recommendations 2000. (The IUPAC 'Red Book II'). J.A. McCleverty and N.G. Connelly (Eds.). Royal Society of Chemistry, Cambridge, UK (2000). Superseded in part by ref. 6.

Organic Chemistry

8.

IUPAC Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry. (The IUPAC 'Blue Book'). Sections A, B, C, D, E, F, and H. Prepared for publication by J. Rigaudy and S.P. Klesneym, Pergamon Press, Oxford, UK (1979).
The placement of locants used in these Recommendations is superseded by rule R - 0.1.2 of ref. 9. - Sections F and H are entirely superseded by Revised Sections F and H (see ref. 12)

9.

IUPAC Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, A Guide to IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds. R. Panico, W.H. Powell, J.-C. Richer (Eds.). Blackwell Scientific Publications, Ltd., Oxford, UK (1993). Supersedes in part ref. 8.

10.

IUPAC Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry, Corrections to 'A Guide to IUPAC Nomenclature of Organic Compounds'. IUPAC Recommendations 1993. Prepared by H.A. Favre, K.-H. Hellwich, G.P. Moss, W.H. Powell, J.G. Traynham. Pure Appl. Chem. 71, 1327-1330 (1999).

11.

IUPAC Commission on the Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry and Commission on Physical Organic Chemistry, Glossary of Class Names of Organic Compounds and Reactive Intermediates Based on Structure. IUPAC Recommendations 1995. Prepared for publication by G.P. Moss, P.A.S. Smith, D. Tavernier. Pure Appl. Chem. 67, 1307-1375 (1995).

12.

IUPAC organic nomenclature recommendations published since 1993 are accessible from http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/. Revised Sections F and H supersede entirely the same sections in ref. 7.

Polymer Chemistry

13.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Compendium of Macromolecular Nomenclature. (The IUPAC 'Purple Book'). Prepared for publication by W.V. Metanomski. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Ltd., Oxford, UK (1991). [online version]
Superseded in part by refs. 14 - 29.

14.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Glossary of Basic Terms in Polymer Science. IUPAC Recommendations 1996. Prepared for publication by A.D. Jenkins, P. Kratochvíl, R.F.T. Stepto, U. W. Suter. Pure Appl. Chem. 68, 2287-2311 (1996).

15.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Graphic representations (chemical formulae) of macromolecules, IUPAC Recommendations 1994. Prepared by a Working Group consisting of R.E. Bareiss, J. Kahovec and P. Kratochvíl, Pure Appl. Chem. 66, 2469-2482 (1994).

16.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Basic classification and definitions of polymerization reactions, IUPAC Recommendations 1994. Prepared by a Working Group consisting of I. Mita, R.F.T. Stepto and U.W. Suter, Pure Appl. Chem. 66, 2483-2486 (1994).

17.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Definition of terms relating to degradation, aging, and related chemical transformations of polymers, IUPAC Recommendations 1996. Prepared by a Working Group consisting of K. Hatada, R.B. Fox, J. Kahovec, E. Maréchal, I. Mita and V.P. Shibaev, Pure Appl. Chem. 68, 2313-2323 (1996).

18.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Definitions of terms relating to the non-ultimate mechanical properties of polymers, IUPAC Recommendations 1998. Prepared by a Working Group consisting of A. Kaye, R.F.T. Stepto, W.J. Work , J.V. Alemán and A.Y. Malkin, Pure Appl. Chem. 70, 701-754 (1998).

19.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Definitions of basic terms relating to low-molar-mass and polymer liquid crystals, IUPAC Recommendations 2001. Prepared for publication by M. Barón, Pure Appl. Chem. 73, 845-895 (2001).

20.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Definitions of basic terms relating to polymer liquid crystals, IUPAC Recommendations 2001. Prepared for publication by M. Barón and R.F.T. Stepto, Pure Appl. Chem. 74, 493-509 (2002).

21.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Nomenclature of regular double-strand (ladder and spiro) organic polymers, IUPAC Recommendations 1993. Prepared by a Working Group consisting of W.V. Metanomski, R.E. Bareiss, J. Kahovec, K.L. Loening, L. Shi and V.P. Shibaev, Pure Appl. Chem. 65, 1561-1580 (1993).

22.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Structure-based nomenclature for irregular single-strand organic polymers, IUPAC Recommendations 1994. Prepared by a Working Group consisting of R.B. Fox, N.M. Bikales, K. Hatada and J. Kahovec, Pure Appl. Chem. 66, 873-889 (1994).

23.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Nomenclature of regular single-strand organic polymers, IUPAC Recommendations 2002. Prepared by a Working Group consisting of J. Kahovec, R.B. Fox, and K. Hatada, Pure Appl. Chem. 74, 1921-1956 (2002).

24.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Source-based nomenclature for non-linear macromolecules and macromolecular assemblies, IUPAC Recommendations 1997. Prepared by a Working Group consisting of J. Kahovec, P. Kratochvíl, A.D. Jenkins, I. Mita, I.M. Papisov, L.H. Sperling and R.F.T. Stepto, Pure Appl. Chem. 69, 2511-2521 (1997).

25.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Definitions relating to stereochemically asymmetric polymerizations, IUPAC Recommendations 2001. Prepared by a Working Group consisting of K. Hatada, J. Kahovec, M. Barón, K. Horie, T. Kitayama, P. Kubisa, G.P. Moss, R.F.T. Stepto, and E.S. Wilks, Pure Appl. Chem. 74, 915-922 (2002).

26.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Generic source-based nomenclature for polymers, IUPAC Recommendations 2001. Prepared for publication by E. Maréchal and E.S. Wilks, Pure Appl. Chem. 73, 1511-1519 (2001). Errata, Pure Appl. Chem. 74, 2019 (2002).

27.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Definitions of terms related to polymer blends, composites, and multiphase polymeric materials, IUPAC Recommendations 2004. Prepared by a Working Group consisting of W.J. Work, K. Horie, M. Hess, and R.F.T. Stepto, Pure Appl. Chem. 76, 1985-2007 (2004).

28.

IUPAC Commission on Macromolecular Nomenclature, Definitions of terms relating to reactions of polymers and to functional polymeric materials, IUPAC Recommendations 2003. Prepared by a Working Group consisting of K. Horie, M. Báron, R. B. Fox, J. He, M. Hess, J. Kahovec, T. Kitayama, P. Kubisa, E. Maréchal, W. Mormann, R.F.T. Stepto, D. Tabak, J. Vohlídal, E.S. Wilks, and W. J. Work, Pure Appl. Chem. 76, 889-906 (2004).

29.

Regular Single-Strand and Quasi-Single Strand Inorganic and Coordination Polymers, Chapter II-7 of reference 7.

Common Names

30.

WHO World Health Organization, International Nonproprietary Names (INN) for Pharmaceutical Substances, List of Proposed INN and List 1 - 84 of Recommended INN. Cumulative List 10. Geneva 2001.

31.

ISO International Organization for Standardization, Pesticides and other Agrochemicals - Common names, ISO 1750, 1981.

32.

ISO International Organization for Standardization, Pesticides and other Agrochemicals - Common names, ISO 1750, 1981/Add.1, 1983.

33.

ISO International Organization for Standardization, Pesticides and other Agrochemicals - Common names, ISO 1750, 1981/Add. 2, 1983.

34.

ISO International Organization for Standardization, Pesticides and other Agrochemicals - Common names, ISO 1750, 1981/Amd. 1, 1982.

35.

ISO International Organization for Standardization, Pesticides and other Agrochemicals - Common names, ISO 1750, 1981/Amd. 2, 1999.

36.

ISO International Organization for Standardization, Pesticides and other Agrochemicals - Common names, ISO 1750, 1981/Amd. 3, 2001.

37.

ISO International Organization for Standardization, Pesticides not considered to require common names, ISO 765, 1976.

Analytical Chemistry

38.

IUPAC Analytical Chemistry Division, Compendium of Analytical Nomenclature (The IUPAC 'Orange Book'), 3rd edition. Prepared for publication by J. Inczédy, T. Lengyel, A.M. Ure. Blackwell Science, Ltd., Oxford, UK (1998). [online version]

39.

IUPAC Analytical Chemistry Division, Nomenclature for Sampling in Analytical Chemistry. IUPAC Recommendations 1990. Prepared for publication by W. Horwitz. Pure Appl. Chem. 62, 1193-1208 (1990).

Clinical Chemistry

40.

IUPAC Commission on Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry and IFCC Commission on Quantities and Units, Compendium of Terminology and Nomenclature of Properties in Clinical Laboratory Sciences. Recommendations 1995 (the IUPAC/IFCC 'Silver Book'). J.C. Rigg, S.S. Brown, R. Dybkaer, H. Olesen (Eds.). Blackwell Science, Ltd., Oxford, UK (1995).

41.

Glossary of Terms in Quantities and Units in Clinical Chemistry. IUPAC-IFCC Recommendations 1996. Prepared for publication by H.P. Lehmann, X. Fuentes-Arderiu, L. F. Bertello. Pure Appl. Chem. 68, 957-1000 (1996).

Biochemistry

42.

Recommendations on Biochemical Nomenclature by IUPAC and IUBMB (International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology) from JCBN (Joint Commission on Biochemical Nomenclature) are accessible from www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac/, as well as IUBMB Recommendations.

43.

Committee of editors of Biochemical Journals, Biochemical Nomenclature and Related Documents-A Compendium. (The IUBMB 'White Book'); 2nd edition. C. Liébecq (Ed.). Portland Press, London, UK (1992).

Quantities, Units and General Metrology

44.

Bureau International des Poids et Mesures (BIPM), Le Système International d'Unités (with English translation); 8th edition. Sèvres, France (2006). [online at www.bipm.org/en/si/]

45.

BIPM, IEC, IFCC, ISO, IUPAC, IUPAP, OIML, International Vocabulary of Basic and General Terms in Metrology (VIM). ISO, Geneva, Switzerland (1993).

46.

Quantities and Units -ISO Standards Handbook. Contains ISO 1000 and ISO 31/0 to 13 ISO, Geneva, Switzerland (1993). Available from booksellers (ISBN 92-67-10185-4) and from national standards institutions.

47.

BIPM, IEC, IFCC, ISO, IUPAC, IUPAP, OIML, Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement.ISO, Geneva, Switzerland (1993). Available only from national standards institutions.

Statistics

48.

Statistical Methods -ISO Standards Handbook 3. Contains especially ISO 3534 Statistics- Vocabulary and Symbols. ISO, Geneva, Switzerland (1989). Available only from national standards institutions.

Bibliography and Editing

49.

I. M. Mills and W. V. Metanomski, Report from IDCNS, December, 1999. [pdf version]

50.

T. Cvitaš, Report from ICTNS, February 2002

> online version

51.

T. Cvitaš, Quantities describing compositions of mixtures. Metrologia 33, 35-39 (1996).

See also Notes for Contributors to PAC