Pure Appl. Chem., 2000, Vol. 72, No. 12, pp. 2299-2308
Reactive intermediates. Some chemistry of quinone methides
Abstract: Quinone methides were produced in aqueous solution by photochemical dehydration of o-hydroxybenzyl alcohols (o-HOC6H4CHROH; R = H, C6H5, 4-CH3OC6H4), and flash photolytic techniques were used to examine their rehydration back to starting substrate as well as their interaction with bromide and thiocyanate ions. These reactions are acid-catalyzed and show inverse isotope effects (kH+/kD+ < 1), indicating that they occur through preequilibrium protonation of the quinone methide on its carbonyl carbon atom followed by rate-determining capture of the benzyl carbocations so formed by H2O, Br-, or SCN-. With some quinone methides (R = C6H5 and 4-CH3OC6H4) this acid catalysis could be saturated, and analysis of the data obtained in the region of saturation for the example with R = 4-CH3OC6H4 produced both the equilibrium constant for the substrate protonation step and the rate constant for the rate-determining step. Energy relationships comparing the quinone methides with their benzyl alcohol precursors are derived.