Pure Appl. Chem., 2009, Vol. 81, No. 7, pp. 1265-1277
Published online 2009-06-29
Vanadium-catalyzed, microwave-assisted oxidations with H2O2 in ionic liquids
Abstract: The application of vanadium(V) catalysts in selective oxidation with peroxides offers an efficient procedure that is compatible with different functional groups and leads to good yields and selectivities. However, the search for more efficient and sustainable procedures that employ H2O2 as oxidant remains an important topic. In the last few years, striking results have been obtained by applying microwave (MW) activation in metal-catalyzed reactions carried out in ionic liquids (ILs). In the present study, results achieved with vanadium-based catalysts in oxidations of various substrates with H2O2 are presented; in particular, epoxidation of alkenes and sulfoxidation of thioethers have been investigated. Notably, in the latter oxidation, a significant improvement in the rate of reaction and an increase in selectivity have been observed in the case of hydrophobic ILs in combination with MW activation.