Pure Appl. Chem., 2010, Vol. 82, No. 8, pp. 1673-1689
Published online 2010-05-14
Semiconductor nanostructures via electrodeposition from ionic liquids
Abstract: The fascinating properties of ionic liquids make it possible to synthesize semiconductor nanostructures via a simple and low-cost electrochemical pathway. The present paper summarizes our recent work on the synthesis of Si, Ge, and SixGe1–x nanostructures from ionic liquids: thin films, nanowires and photonic crystals. We also introduce our first results on the template-assisted electrodeposition of SixGe1–x photonic crystals from 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazolium bis(trifluoromethylsulfonyl)amide ([EMIm]Tf2N) ionic liquid, and some optical measurements on the previously prepared Ge photonic crystals. Our results confirm that electrochemistry in ionic liquids is excellently suited to the synthesis of high-quality semiconductor nanostructures.