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Chemistry in . . .

From
the bookshelf
Chemistry in . . .
Africa
Argentina
Brazil
Chile
Cuba
Czech Republic
Egypt
Poland
Slovenia
Uruguay

Africa

Provides links to IUPAC articles dealing with chemistry on the continent, as well as links to related websites.

Argentina

In attempting to weave the tale of chemistry in Argentina, the main problem is the choice of an adequate frame of reference. Of the many possibilities, this author favors a historical approach; because science and technology are essentially historical processes, it seems to be the most appropriate choice. Therefore, this tale is divided into periods of varying length of time that the author hopes will give a clear picture of how chemistry activities today in Argentina came into being.
Chem. Int. 22(4), 2000

Brazil

This article surveys the birth and development of the chemical community in Brazil over the last 50 years. Chemistry in Brazil has had its ups and downs over the years. The institutionalization of chemistry took considerable time and still is irregular, depending in part upon the whims of the government at any given time. Brazilian chemistry is at the threshold of a new age that will differ greatly from the previous half-century.
Chem. Int. 21(6), 1999

Chile

This article surveys the history of chemistry in Chile as well as the current general aspects of research, human resources, graduate programs, and the main features of the Chilean Chemical Society.
Chem. Int. 22(5), 2000

Cuba

In Cuba, chemistry has played a key role since the nineteenth century. The first Cuban scientific society, Sociedad Económica de Amigos del País (Economic Society of Country Friends), established in 1793, aimed to contribute to the social and economic development of the country through the application of scientific knowledge; it is the oldest Cuban scientific society still active today.
Chem. Int. 21(2), 1999

Czech Republic

Czechoslovakia has been a member of the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) since 1920, shortly after its foundation. The representatives of Czechoslovakia have always been significant participants in Union activity.
Chem. Int. 20(3), 1998

Egypt

Chemistry has been practiced in Egypt since the time of the Pharaohs. Then, the practice of chemistry was limited to priests and aimed at serving kings and rulers of the country. The practice of chemistry on a broader scale and the teaching of chemistry in Egypt are relatively recent phenomena.
Chem. Int. 23(4), 2001

Poland

The beginnings of modern chemistry in Poland are connected with a great educational reform that was introduced by the Royal Commission of Education. That institution, which was founded in 1773, was in fact the first ministry of education in Europe. Under its auspices, the chairs of chemistry and natural history were established in 1782 at what was then known as Cracow University (now called Jagiellonian University).
Chem. Int. 20(5), 1998

Slovenia

Slovenia’s geographic and demographic area has witnessed an extraordinarily rich development of chemical knowledge, education, industry, and use of chemicals and chemical products, mainly because the region that is now Slovenia has been, throughout history, an active crossroads of different economic paths, interests, areas, specific features, and problems.
Chem. Int. 22(3), 2000

Uruguay

In Uruguay, professional studies of pharmacy and chemistry started in the late 19th century at the Instituto de Quimica of the faculty of medicine. In 1929 these courses were combined with those of industrial chemistry (now chemical engineering) of the National Petroleum Company, and the new Facultad de Quimica y Farmacia (now Facultad de Quimica) was established. In the late 1970s the chemical engineering department moved to the Facultad de Ingenieria and became less chemistry oriented.
Chem. Int. 24(6), 2002

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